This material is based upon work supported by the Saudi Aramco.

Disclaimer: Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Saudi Aramco.

OILMOLES: Sensors for Oil Reservoir Digging


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  • I. F. Akyildiz, Z. Sun and M. C. Vuran, "Signal Propagation Techniques for Wireless Underground Communication Networks," Physical Communication (Elsevier) Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp.167-183, September 2009. [PDF]

  • Z. Sun and I. F. Akyildiz, "Magnetic Induction Communications for Wireless Underground Sensor Networks," IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 58, No. 7, pp. 2426-2435, July 2010.

  • M. C. Vuran and I. F. Akyildiz, "Channel Modeling and Analysis for Wireless Underground Sensor Networks in Soil Medium," Physical Communication Journal (Elsevier), Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 245-254, December 2010.

  • Z. Sun and I. F. Akyildiz, "Deployment Algorithms for Wireless Underground Sensor Networks using Magnetic Induction," in Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM 2010, Best Paper Award (11 out of 4614 submissions), Miami, USA, December 2010.

  • Z. Sun and I. F. Akyildiz, "On Capacity of Magnetic Induction-based Wireless Underground Sensor Netowrks," in Proc. of IEEE INFOCOM 2012, Orlando, USA, March 2012.

  • A. A. Alshehri, S.-C. Lin, and I. F. Akyildiz, "Optimal Energy Planning for Wireless Self-Contained Sensor Networks in Oil Reservoirs," Proc. of IEEE ICC Conference, Paris, France, May 2017.

  • S.-C. Lin, A. A. Alshehri, P. Wang, and I. F. Akyildiz, "Magnetic Induction-Based Localization in Randomly-Deployed Wireless Underground Sensor Networks," IEEE Internet of Things Journal. July 2017.

  • A. A. Alshehri, I. F. Akyildiz, J. M. Servin, and H. K. Schmidt, "FracBotTechnology for Mapping Hydraulic Fractures," to appear in ATCE 2017 (the Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition), San Antonio, Texas, USA, October 2017.

  • C. H. N. Martins, A. A. Alshehri, and I. F. Akyildiz, "Novel MI-based (FracBot) Sensor Hardware Design for Monitoring Hydraulic Fractures and Oil Reservoirs," to appear in 2017 IEEE 8th Annual Ubiquitous Computing, Electronics and Mobile Communication Conference, Oct. 2017.